Ganesh Visarjan marks the end of Ganesh Chaturthi and falls on the day of Anant Chaturdashi. The Ganesh Chaturthi commences with the Ganesh Sthapana and ends with Visarjan on the fifth, seventh or the last day.
The Ganesh Chaturthi 2016 Puja Muhurut to bring the Vigraha / Idol home is during the Shubh, Labh or Amrit Choghadiya. If you intend to bring Ganpati ji one day before, i.e. on the 4th September 2016, the Labh time is between 09:33 to 11:05 and the Amrit time is 11:05 to 12:37. Ganpati ji can also be brought home (Avahana or Welcome) during the Shubh time which is between 14:10 to 15:42. The Muhurut for evening time would be the Shubh time which is between 18:47 to 21:42. Please note these Timings are as per panchang of Mumbai, India.
Lord Ganesha is the lord of wisdom, prosperity and power. Out of all the different Devatas, Lord Ganesha is known to be the most intelligent.
Known as the Vighnaharta or Vighna-Vinashak this elephant-headed lord is known to be a remover of obstacles. His presence is known to dispel all evil.
When Lord Ganesha is prayed to at the beginning of the Puja, he makes sure that the entire Puja happens without a glitch and that the objectives for doing the Puja are achieved.
Lord Ganesh is also Buddhipriya i.e. he is fond of learning and education. Hence, starting the Puja by taking his name helps the worshippers gain enlightened by knowledge.
Since, he is also the manifestation of Omkar which represents one and all, praying to him alone means one has prayed to all the elements of the entire Universe.
Process / Procedure
In homes, families install small clay statues for worship during the festival.
The idol is worshiped in the morning and evening with offerings of flowers, durva(strands of young grass), karanji and modaks.
The worship ends with the singing of an aarti in honour of Ganesha, other gods and saints.
In Maharashtra the Marathi aarti "Sukhakarta Dukhaharta", composed by Samarth Ramdas in the 17th century, is sung.
Family traditions differ about when to end the celebration. Domestic celebrations end after 1, 1 1⁄2, 3, 5, 7 or 11 days, when the idol is brought to a body of water (such as a lake, river or the sea) for immersion.
Due to environmental concerns, a number of families now avoid bodies of water and let the clay statue dissolve in a container of water at home.
After a few days, the clay is used in the home garden. In some cities a public, eco-friendly process is used for the immersion.
4-5 Hours (Includes time for both preparation for Puja and actual Puja.)